How do self adhesive bandages work?

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Beyond trends and whether Ronaldo or Djokovic wear them, the truth is that kinesiotape, the name of these bandages and their application, helps muscle function, as physiotherapist Manel Torelló, secretary of SETRADE, explains:

“They have several functions, the most significant being the prevention of injuries, the improvement of specific and global tissue performance of the treated area and the therapeutic effects on an injury,” recalls the specialist as he lists the most immediate effects:

For example, in situations of inflammation and flushing it is recommended not to use colors such as red and to use cold colors such as blue, and conversely, if we want to increase temperature and improve blood flow, warm colors such as red should be used.

What do adhesive bandages do?

You’re probably wondering how a cloth bandage with glue can give you these benefits. Let me explain: When you place the tape on your skin, it, thanks to its elastic properties, forms waves on your skin called convolutions.

How do you know if a bandage is too tight?

Check the toes (if the bandage is wrapped around the foot or ankle) or fingers (if around the wrist). If they become purple or blue, cold to the touch, or numb or tingly, the bandage is too tight and should be loosened.

How is the tape bandage applied?

Round the corners of the tape so that it does not rub against clothing. The anchors should always be placed without stretching regardless of the technique used. Massage the bandage once in place to activate the heat and adhesion of the tape. Dry lightly after the daily shower to remove excess moisture.

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The bandaging technique is very old and has been used ever since to support dressings, compress injured sites in acute phase and provide preventive support when the patient, after an injury, begins to reintegrate to his daily life activities.

In capsulo-ligamentous trauma (instability and sprains), tendinopathies, muscular pathologies and with limited neuromuscular control of an articular segment. For example: cervical sprains, alterations in scapular positioning when performing a gesture with the upper limb, also in people who have poor posture, among others.

Although they exist in different colors, this is not something more than aesthetic since there are no differences in terms of resistance or elastic capacity, it is argued that there is an associated psychological component, adds the kinesiologist.

It is important that it is done by a kinesiologist, since it is not only a matter of putting the bandage in the appropriate direction with the necessary tension, but also of respecting the principles of biomechanics of the human body.

What are Taping bandages?

Taping is a bandage that adheres to the skin and can be made of rigid material (conventional tape) or elastic, the latter is characterized by producing less restriction of mobility. The fundamental benefits of this therapeutic bandage is that it acts by limiting or inhibiting movement.

What do the colors of the Kinesiology tapes mean?

Earth – brown, beige, yellow: used for: menstrual disorders, improve muscle tone …. Metal – white, gold, silver: associated with asepsis, cleanliness. Wood – green: Used to balance emotions, combined with orange brings tranquility.

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What is the function of the Kinesiology Tape?

They are normally used to protect and stabilize joints, improve the activity of damaged muscle, relieve pain, reduce edema and circulatory problems.

Elastic adhesive bandages

It is not just a matter of placing colored bandages on the skin, this type of bandage is positioned on the skin to relieve muscle pain or improve injuries. They are currently used by sports professionals and also by beginner athletes. In the same way, the neuromuscular bandage is applied in physiotherapy and chiropractic, helping to relieve body pain by exerting pressure on the nerve endings in charge of detecting pain in the body.

In the field of high-level sports, kinesiotaping has positioned itself in the therapeutic field. Also in the domain of prevention, training, prevention and warm-up.

It should be emphasized that the application of neuromuscular bandages will not dispense the user of professional care, depending on the pathology he suffers. The bands will help relieve pain but do not treat the cause of the pathology. This tool does not limit sports practice. The treatment with physiotherapy elastic bands is only a provisional treatment.

What symptoms and signs does a patient present when her dressing is incorrect?

The most frequent symptoms are: slightly cyanotic and cold fingers, sensation of “sleeping fingers”, discrete pallor. Window edema: this complication occurs when, when a bandage is applied, a window of skin is left uncovered between two wraps of bandage.

What are the signs and symptoms that the patient presents if the bandage is too compressed?

Edema (swelling) that erases the digital folds. Hypoesthesia (loss of sensation) and sensation of numb fingers. Discrete pallor in the extremity. Ulcers or wounds caused by the pressure exerted by the bandage.

How long do they have to be with the physio strips?

As professionals and after the studies that have been carried out on this material, we indicate that the strips should be kept as a standard parameter for 3-4 days so that the stimulation is sufficient and because we give a pattern to generate this response.

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Cohesive bandages

Not surprisingly, the manufacturer of the tapes agreed to settle a lawsuit in the United States for almost two million dollars following a lawsuit because the product’s labeling claimed that it cured almost all existing injuries. After the settlement, the company agreed to clarify its labeling.

Physiotherapist Jorge Rodriguez has published a review of studies on the efficacy of neuromuscular tape after which he claims to have found no clear scientific evidence that the treatment has positive effects in the various settings in which it is used. However, many studies highlighted slight improvements in pain, although not in enough cases to draw definitive conclusions.

The physician Samuel Franco Dominguez, who is very critical of all types of alternative therapies, published a text in 2009 entitled “Beckham and kinesiotape” in which he expressed his skepticism regarding this treatment and suggested that marketing outweighed real scientific evidence. He also cited a parallel with the famous nasal flaps so popular among elite athletes in the 1990s.

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